摘要：According to the ophthalmological literature, cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is defined as a temporary or permanent visual loss caused by a disturbance of the posterior visual pathways and/or occipital lobes. The study of CVI is still a new field, and diagnosis is frequently difficult and sometimes may not even be considered. Different studies have taken into account various aetiologies of CVI.
摘要：In order to assess some aspects of the quality of care for familis seeking the cause of their child(ren)s intellectual disability, a postal questionnaire was sent to parents of children with fragile-X syndrome, who were members of the UK Fragile-X Society. Although the interval taken to get a diagnosis ('lagtime') has fallen over time, other aspects of care could still be improved. Most families fell that having a diagnosis is an advantage, but many till find the diagnostic process distressing and feel unsupported.
摘要：The aim of the present study was to identify the age correlates of behavioural crises in adults with intellectual disability (ID) living in the community. The cohort consisted of 185 clients (IQ<70), ranging in age from 20 to > 70 years, who were referred to a crisis intervention programme specializing in services to individuals with dual diagnosis over a 7-year period. A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of historical And contemporaneous variables was completed.
摘要：An overview of supported employment and its historical context is examined, and supported employment for individuals with both intellectual disability and challenging behaviour is discussed. A proposed model for working with such individuals is briefly outlined. This model is based on previous work in the field, and is characterized by a mlti-component approach which addresses the issues of both support and behavioural intervention.
摘要：The objectives of the present study were to investigate the differences in standing broad jump performance between two task conditions (with and without goal) and to clarify the relation of verbal behaviour regulation to this difference in children with intellectual disability. The subjects were 30 children with intellectual disability with an average age of 16.2 years. In the without-goal condition, subjects were instructed to jump as far as possible.
摘要：Elderly propel with intellectual disability have high rates of both psychiatric and physical disorders. In the elderly general population, these disorders are known to be associated. Whether such an association exists amongst elderly people with intellectual disability is unclear, but the resolution of this question is of clinical as well as academic importance. Psychiatric and physical assessments were completed on 134 people with intellectual disability aged 65 years and over (93.7/100 of the ascertained population living in Leicestershire, UK).
摘要：The present study extended the evaluation of a computer-aided system providing pictorial instructions and prompts to promote task performance in people with severe intellectual disability. Four people were presented with two sets of tasks. The participants used the computer-aided system for one set and a card (control) system for the other. The results indicate that the computer-aided system was more effective than the card system with all participants. Three of the participants preferred the computer-aided system, while one favoured the card system.
摘要：The aim of the present study was to estimate the direct healthcare cost of managing adults with previously untreated phenylketonuria (PKU) for one year before any dietary restrictions and for the first year after a pheynlanine- (PHE-) restricted diet was introduced. The resource use and corresponding costs are Estimated form medical records and interviews with Health care professionals experienced in caring for adults With previously untreated PKU.
摘要：Following the closure of the large mental handicap hospitals in the UK, the majority of people with intellectual disability (ID) are currently living in the community. However, people with ID who also exhibit challenging Behaviour (CB) have been the most difficult-to-place group And use a large amount of service resources. A variety of Service options have been proposed for he assessment And treatment of CBs, but there is little information on the Effectiveness of these alternatives.
摘要：The present prospective study describes the demographic, medial and psychosocial characteristics of 40 people with intellectual disability who were referred for psychiatric inpatient treatment in the special psychiatric unit of the Special Welfare District of South- west Finland. Three different control groups were used to study: (I) demographic variables 9n=122); (2) medical history (n=39); and (3) psychosocial factors (n=20).
摘要：Preivous studies have surveyed a variety of service providers in school and institutional settings, and reported a pervasive lack of education and training with regard to the use of psychotropic medication in people with intellectual disability. Because an increasing number of people with intellectual disability are living in the community and since many of these people receive psychotropic medications, the present study extended research in this area by surveying direct service staff to determine their perceptions, knowledge and opinions with regard to the use of psychotropic medication in non- institutional settings for individuals with developmental disabilities.
摘要：The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of any antipsychotic medication for treating people with a dual diagnosis of intellectual disability and schizophrenia. The authors performed an electronic search of Biological Abstracts, the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Register of trials, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycLIT and MEDLINE. Unpublished Data were sought form pharmaceutical companies. Both Authors independently selected the relevant studies from The reports identified in this way.
摘要：The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of divalproex sodium treatment in adults with intellectual disability, and aggressive or self-injurious behaviour. Twenty-eight adults aged between 20 and 63 years of age with severe, long-lassting behavioural poroblems were treated with divaplproxes sodium (dosage 500-4000 mg day~-1).
摘要：The present paper discusses some of the difficulties in working with people with an intellectual disability and an alcohol problem, and draws on the sparse literature about alcohol problems in people with intellectual disability. Four individuals drawn form the current clinical case loads of medial practitioners in UK community intellectual disability services are described. Some suggestions for staff training, patent education and Health promotion, and therapeutic approaches are made.
摘要：The present report examines the clinical features of dysthmic disorder in a sample of adolescens with mild intellectual disability (ID). Frequency of symptoms, comorbidity, agreement between reports of subjects and parents, comparison between the frequency of depressive symptoms in subjects with ID and in two different gorups of normal IQ dysthymic subjects (aged 7-11, 11 and 12-18 years) are described.
摘要：People who have both an intellectual disability and a mental illness diagnosis are gaining more attention in the mental health and development disabilities service systems. This interest is partly because of the challenging behaviours and the complexities of the problems in this population. The present study analyses the diagnoses, behaviour problems and demographic characteristics of a group of people with a dual diagnosis to determine if specific patterns are evident which distinguish this et of subjects.
摘要：The outcome of treatment in care units has been though to reflect the effectiveness of treatment. There have been only a few studies describing inpatient care and its outcome in patients with intellectual disability and psychiatric symptoms. The present study describe the psychiatric inpatient treatment in the specialist psychiatric unit of the Special Welfare District of South- west Finland and the need for aftercare among people with intellectual disability and psychiatric disorders (n=40).
摘要：The present study is an investigation into the effects of seizure disorders/epilepsy on psychopathology, social functioning, adaptive functioning and maladaptive behaviours using a sample of 353 people diagnosed with a seizure disorder, and either severe or profound intellectual disability. People with a diagnosis of seizure disorder were found to have significantly less social and adaptive skills when compared to developmentally disabled controls with no seizure disorder diagnosis.
摘要：People with intellectual disability are a well-known high- risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B virus is a major public health problem, but it is often Neglected because of its largely asymptomatic course With long-term complications. Safe and effective vaccines Have been available for over 15 years. However, Universal vaccination strategies have not or have not Completely been implemented to date, even through Epidemiological data have indicated the effectiveness and Efficacy of vaccination, and economic evaluations have Shown that it is cost effective.
摘要：Fragile-X syndrome is the most common genetically inherited cause of intellectual disability. People with this syndrome typically show a behavioural profile of abnormal social interactions which are similar in some ways to those seen in people with autism. The present study investigated whether cognitive processes which have been hypothesized to underlie social abnormalities associated with autism are also impaired in boys with fragile-X syndrome without autistic spectrum disorders.